News

9

Mar 20

Research News: People drink more when wine is served in bigger glasses, according to new study

The Telegraph website, 27 February 2020

University of Cambridge has conducted a new study estimating the effects of wineglass size on the volume of wine sold in bars and restaurants, finding that people who eat in restaurants drink less when they are given a smaller glass.

• Five bars and restaurants in England participated in the study between 2015 and 2018, using five wine glass sizes with the largest size used only in bars.
• Researchers found that in restaurants, when glass size was increased from 300 ml to 370 ml, while keeping the measure the same, wine sales increased by 7.3%. However, increasing the glass size to 450 ml made no difference in consumption volume compared to using 300 ml glasses.
• Lead author Dr Mark Pilling suggested that “[p]ouring wine from a bottle or a carafe, as happens for most wine sold in restaurants, allows people to pour more than a standard serving size, and this effect may increase with the size of the glass and the bottle.”
• The study found no significant differences in wine sales by glass size in bars.
• The study was funded by the Government’s NIHR School of Public Health Research; its Director, Professor Ashley Adamson, said that “[w]e all like to think we’re immune to subtle influences on our behaviour – like the size of a wine glass – but research like this clearly shows we’re not.” She added that “[e]vidence like this can shape policies that would make it easier for everyone to be a bit healthier without even having to think about it.”
• A spokesperson from Public Health England (PHE) said the “interesting” study’s results could influence alcohol policies and help develop drinking environments that encourage people to consume less.

Original source: Pilling M; Pechey CR; Hollands GJ; Marteau TM, ‘The effect of wine glass size on volume of wine sold: a mega-analysis of studies in bars and restaurants’, Addiction, Published early online 27 February 2020

Original Title : Shrink your drink: wine glasses in restaurants should be limited in size, health chiefs say

9

Mar 20

Research News: Moderate daily drinkers have “increased chance of reaching 90”

Somerset Live, 25 February 2020

Maastricht University researchers recorded the drinking habits of over 5,500 people over two decades, finding that men and women who drink daily were more likely to reach old age.

• Researchers analyzed Netherlands Cohort Study data on participants born in 1916 and 1917, who completed questionnaires in 1986 when they were between 68 and 70 years old.  These participants were then followed up for vital status analysis until they reached 90 years old, between 2006 and 2007.
• Results indicated that, overall in men and women, the highest probability of reaching 90 years old was among those consuming the equivalent of 250 ml of beer a day. These participants were 36% more likely to reach 90 than were abstainers.
• The study also found that wine intake was positively associated with longevity, most notably in women, whereas spirits were positively associated with longevity in men and inversely in women. Binge drinking was negatively associated with longevity.
• Lead researcher Prof. Piet van den Brandt suggested that the analyses shows “significantly positive associations between alcohol and longevity in men and women,” but the authors emphasized that non-drinkers should not take the results as a reason to start drinking.
• Alcohol Health Alliance UK (AHA UK) Chair Prof. Sir Ian Gilmore similarly commented that there “is no evidence to suggest non-drinkers should start for the good of their health.”
Original source: van den Brandt PA; Brandts L, ‘Alcohol consumption in later life and reaching longevity: the Netherlands Cohort Study’, Age and Ageing, Published early online 9 February 2020

Original Title : Men and women who drink daily have ‘increased chance of reaching 90’

21

Jan 20

Research News: Moderate drinking, regular exercise, and other healthy habits could extend life expectancy

The Guardian website, 09 January 2020

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The Guardian: Healthy habits extend disease-free life ‘by up to a decade’ | 09 January 2020

BMJ: Healthy lifestyle and life expectancy free of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study | 09 January 2020

Healthy habits such as moderate drinking, healthy diet, and exercising for at least 30 minutes a day could extend people’s disease-free life by up to a decade, according to new research by researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences.

  • Researchers examined how a healthy lifestyle is related to life expectancy that is free from major chronic diseases, using data from the Nurses’ Health Study between 1980 and 2014 and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study between 1986 and 2014.
  • Researchers looked at the effect of five low-risk healthy habits on life expectancy free of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, and how many more disease-free years people could expect from the age of 50.
  • Results indicated that women and men who had adopted four or five of the healthy living factors had a disease-free life expectancy at 50 years old of 34.4 and 31.1 more years, respectively, taking them to the age of 84 or 81 years without diabetes, cancer, or heart disease. This compared with just 23.7 or 23.5 for women and men that did not adopt any of the five factors.
  • Dr. Kate Allen, executive director of science and public affairs at the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), said that “[t]his new, large study further confirms our own research that having a healthy lifestyle lowers your risk of cancer and other diseases… We hope the government will be persuaded by the mounting evidence, and take bold, positive steps to protect the nation’s health.”

Original source: Li Y; Schoufour J; Wang DD; Dhana K; Pan A; Liu X; Song M; et al, ‘Healthy lifestyle and life expectancy free of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study’, British Medical Journal, Vol 368, Art No l6669, 2020, 10pp
 

Original Title : Healthy habits extend disease-free life ‘by up to a decade’